お灸の据え方:熱くないよく効く「八分灸」

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「八分灸」

熱くない、アトの残らないお灸がある

お灸と聞いただけで、熱い、怖い、アトが残る、何に効くのかわからない、本当に効果があるの?・・・
等々、マイナスのイメージをお持ちの方が多いのが実情です。ちょっと待って下さい。誰しも熱いのは嫌です。だから、仏教と共に我国に入ってきて一千五百年も歴史のあるお灸にあって、熱くない工夫がいろいろなされてきました。又、大きな効果がなければ一千五百年も続いてくるはずがありません。熱さの緩和策としては、間接灸に向かっていった方向と、直接灸のまま工夫をこらす方向の二つがあります。間接灸とは、もぐさと皮膚の間に色々なものをはさんで、熱が間接的に伝わるようにしたすえ方です。紙、ビワの葉、ミソ、塩、ニンニク等をスライスした物等があります。しかし、昔からプロは直接灸のみを実施してきました。その理由は、直接灸の方が間接灸より効果が格段に高いからです。直接灸でありながら、熱さを最小限にしたのが「八分灸」です。効果の大きい「八分灸」を私は強くお勧めします。八分灸は、もぐさが八分くらい燃えて、熱さを感じるか感じないかその一瞬に、燃えているもぐさをつまみ消しながら皮膚から取り去ります。

速効性

八分灸には即効性があります。特にひざの痛みや腰痛等の痛みの疾患では、一回の治療でその痛みが大幅に除去されるのが普通です。膝の痛みで階段の昇降が困難であった人も一回の治療で帰りには格段に楽になるのが普通です。又ギックリ腰で杖を忘れて帰ることもよく見られることです。

八分灸の特徴

お灸程、衛生的な治療はありません。エイズやC型肝炎等のウイルスは、血から血へ、あるいは粘膜から粘膜へ感染します。その点、お灸は表皮のみを対象としますので、ウイルス感染の心配はありませ。又、八分灸には副作用がありません。お灸は中国を起源として三千年をこえる歴史があります。我国へは、仏教が伝来する時に、僧侶が仏教と共に持ち込んだものです。聖徳太子の時代に入ってきたのです。だから、一千五百年の歴史が我国においてもあるのです。今日に至るまで、プロもすえましたが、素人も各家庭で据え続けてきたものです。もし重大な副作用があるなら、こんなにも長く家庭で続けられるはずがありません。副作用が無いからこそ続いてきたのです。

2005年4月30日
愛知万博中部千年共生村ワークショップ「千年の癒しやいと」にて開催された内容を基に編集しています

福西佐元(ふくにしすけはる)
http://www.okyu.org/

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八分灸:チャレンジ編

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「八分灸」のすえ方

を、福西佐元先生に指導いただきました。
皆様も解説を参考にして是非一度、お灸に挑戦してください。

【用意するもの】

もぐさ、線香、灰皿、水入れ、タオル、マジックペン(油性が好ましい)

【すえ方】

  1. 少量のもぐさを机の上に置き、その端に少量ずつのもぐさをくっつけてゆき、長さ5cmくらいの棒状にします。それを手のひらに置き、両手ですり合わせて直径4mm、長さ5cmくらいのひも状にします。
  2. 右手の薬指をみずにつけ、スーッと皮膚上をぬらします。
  3. その上に、ひも状のもぐさを7mmくらいの大きさにちぎって置くと、もぐさは水の吸引力で皮膚上に吸着します。
  4. 線香でもぐさに点火します。
  5. 直前に線香を置き、親指と人差し指を水でぬらします。
  6. あらかじめ熱さを感じるやいなや「ハイ」と合図してもらうことにしておき、その「ハイ」で水にぬれた指で燃えているもぐさを強くつまみ消しながら皮膚から取り去ります。
  7. こまめに指をタオルで拭いてから、次に点火し上記の動作を繰り返してゆきます。

【ツボの取り方】

八分灸をどこにすえるか、そのすえる場所がツボです。ツボにはいろいろな考え方がありますが、素人の方は次のように考えてください。

①ツボは押して痛い所である。
②ツボを点と考えず、面と考える。

つまり、押して痛い所を全部ツボと考えるのです。押して痛かったら、その痛い所に油性のマジックペンで印をつけ、それらの印全部に八分灸をすえてゆくのです。この場合、指で押すだけでは、痛い所とそうでない所がわかりづらければ、先の丸い鉛筆等で押してみるとよくわかります。

参考にしてください(八分灸のすえ方:http://www.okyu.org/suekata.html)

2005年4月30日
愛知万博中部千年共生村ワークショップ「千年の癒しやいと」にて開催された内容を基に編集しています

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八分灸:動画編

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「八分灸」のすえ方を、福西佐元先生に指導いただきました。
皆様も参考にしてお灸に挑戦してください。

2005年4月30日
愛知万博中部千年共生村ワークショップ「千年の癒しやいと」にて開催された内容を基に編集しています。

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Hachibuky? in English

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Hachibuky?: the Painless and Effective Treatment

1. One Moxibustion Neither Burns nor Scars
When many people think of moxibustion, scary images of burning and scarring come to mind. They wonder what it can be used for or whether it even works. In fact, people have many negative preconceptions about moxibustion. But wait just a minute. No one likes burning, but one type of moxibustion, which came to Japan with the arrival of Buddhism 1500 years ago, contains a number of innovations to prevent burning. Furthermore, its continued use for 1500 years is a testament to its effectiveness.
In order to avoid burning, there are two types of moxibustion: those involving indirect application of moxa and those involving direct application using special techniques. Indirect application consists of placing an item in between the moxa and the skin so the heat is felt indirectly. Slices of paper, loquat leaves, miso, salt, and garlic are among the items used in this treatment. Medicinal goods, which involve making a paper tube, stuffing it with moxa, and applying it to the skin with an adhesive, are already sold on the market.
Since the olden days, however, professional moxibustionists have exclusively used direct moxibustion, as it is undeniably a more effective treatment than indirect application. Hachibuky? is a high recommended type of effective direct moxibustion which minimizes burning.
Because Hachibuky? burns approximately 80% of the moxa, the burning moxa is extinguished and removed from the skin as soon as heat sensation is felt.

2. Fast Acting
Hachibuky? is also fast-acting, especially for ailments such as knee pain or lower-back pain. Applying this treatment just once typically eliminates most of the pain. People who normally have trouble going up and down stairs due to knee pain typically felt dramatic relief on their way home after one treatment. Furthermore, people with strained backs would, having been treated with Hachibuky?, often forget their canes upon leaving the treatment center.

3. Special Features of Hachibuky?
There is no cleaner treatment than moxibustion. Viruses such as HIV and Hepatitis-C are spread via blood or mucous membranes. Because moxibustion is used on the surface of the skin, there is no chance being infected by a virus.
In addition, there are no side effects with Hachibuky?. Moxibustion was first started in China and has history of more than 3000 years. When Buddhism first came to Japan, during the era of Prince Shotoku, the monks responsible brought this treatment as well. Thus, moxibustion has a history of 1500 years in Japan alone. Not only professional moxibustionists, but average people have been using it since. If there were serious side effects, usage of this treatment would not have continued for such a long time. Indeed, a lack of side effects is the reason that people have continued to use Hachibuky?.

4. What Can Hachibuky? Be Used For?
Hachibuky? can be used to treat various ailments. You might be surprised at its many different uses.
1. Injuries
Knee pain, lower-back pain, sciatic nerve pain, stiff upper-back, stiff shoulders, elbow pain, tenosynovitis, rheumatism, foot pain, cramping, herniated disk, sprain.
2. Internal Disorders
Asthma, bronchitis, cold, gastric inflammation, gastric ulcer, eating disorder, nausea, gastroptosis, duodenal ulcer, constipation, diarrhea, colitis, hepatitis, nephritis, pancreatitis, diabetes, menstrual pain, menstrual irregularity, endometriosis, palpitation, shortness of breath.
3. Other
Headache, heaviness of the head, irritation, menopause, sleeplessness, stagger, eye fatigue, glaucoma, sinus infection, pain of the hip joint, trigeminal nerve pain, Bell’s Palsy, flagellation, cold sensitivity.
4. Autonomic Nerve Imbalance
For some people, a checkup at the doctor’s might reveal little or no abnormalities, but they suffer from the following type of symptoms: loss of energy, depression, frustration, shortness of breath, palpitation, sleeplessness or poor quality sleep, headache, heaviness of the head, stagger, lightheadedness, paranoia, feeling faint, nausea, loss of appetite, hot flashes, and eye fatigue. Hachibuky? can help treat these symptoms.

5. How to Perform Hachibuky? Moxibustion
Items to Prepare
Moxa, stick of incense, ashtray, water basin, towel, magic marker (oil based).

Moxa can be bought at a drug store, and incense and magic markers are available at supermarkets.

Moxibustion Method
1. Put a small amount of moxa on the table and press it together little by little until it is approximately 5 cm long. Take the clump and rub it between hands to make a string which is 5 cm long and 4 mm in diameter.
2. Dip ring finger in water and lightly moisten skin.
3. Break off a 7 mm piece from the string of moxa and place it on the surface of the skin. The adhesive power of water should help hold the moxa in place on the skin.
4. Use the stick of incense to light the moxa with your right hand.
5. Place the incense stick in front of you and moisten thumb and index finger of your left hand.
6. Have the person receiving the treatment give a signal of “OK” as soon as they feel a burning sensation. At this signal promptly pinch-out the burning moxa firmly with moistened thumb and finger then remove it from the skin.
7. Wipe fingers on a towel, and repeat the above procedure in the necessary areas.
6. Locating Tsubo
The place where you should use moxibustion is called a tsubo. While there are a number of different ideas on how to locate tsubo, inexperienced users should follow the following advice:
1. Tsubo is a place which hurts when pressed.
2. Think of tsubo as a surface rather than a point. In other words, everywhere on the body which hurts when pressed is a tsubo. Mark each place that hurts with the oil-based marker, and then treat each area with Hachibuky?. For people who, using their fingers, are not sure whether a certain area is a tsubo or not, it is easier to determine with the help of a round pencil or similar object.

7. How to Cure Knee Pain
Outline of Treating Knee Pain
1. Descend a staircase by starting with your good leg.
2. With one finger, feel around the area(s) which hurt on your bad leg and mark the painful spots to be treated.
3. Treat each point twice with Hachibuky?.
4. Descend a staircase one more time starting with your good leg. Repeat steps 2 and 3.
5. Repeat steps 2 through 4 and eliminate the painful areas one by one.

Treatment Areas for Lower Back Pain
Treat the areas which hurt when pressed from those shown in the diagram.

8. Hachibuky? in Literature
As was mentioned above, Hachibuky? has a long history in Japan because it came over with the arrival of Buddhism. Consequently, many examples of Hachibuky? can be found in classical literature. In particular, a traditional poem by Fujiwara no Sanekata, found in the Goshui Wakash?, and a traditional poem by Izumi Shikibu, found in the Shinkokinsh?, talk of the authors’ love for their partners burning like the moxa in moxibustion. The poems share the common metaphor of describing love as moxibustion, with its positive effects on health and existence as a driving force behind life. It is our hope to revive this positive image that once existed in the Heian Period, the time that these poems were written.

9. Contact Information
Sayama Yojo Shinkyuin
5-2342 Sayama, Osaka Sayama-shi, Osaka, JAPAN
Tel: +81-72-367-7329 Fax: +81-72-367-1997
* A two minute walk from Osaka Sayama-shi Station on the Nankai-Koya Line.
Director: Sukeharu Fukunishi

Books written by Mr. Fukunishi:
Moxibustion Treatments to Perform at Home (Nittoushoin)
Tsubo Acupressure Treatment Using Pencils (Nittoushoin)
Assorted Stories of Moxibustion throughout Japanese History and Culture (Tosei-sha)

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